2009 FEDERAL SENTENCING GUIDELINES MANUAL
CHAPTER 3 - PART B - ROLE IN THE OFFENSE
§3B1.4. Using a Minor To Commit a Crime
If the defendant used or attempted to use a person less than eighteen years of age to commit the offense or assist in avoiding detection of, or apprehension for, the offense, increase by 2 levels.
1. "Used or attempted to use" includes directing, commanding, encouraging, intimidating, counseling, training, procuring, recruiting, or soliciting.
2. Do not apply this adjustment if the Chapter Two offense guideline incorporates this factor.
3. If the defendant used or attempted to use more than one person less than eighteen years of age, an upward departure may be warranted.
Historical Note: Effective November 1, 1995 (see Appendix C, amendment 527). Amended effective November 1, 1996 (see Appendix C, amendment 540). A former §3B1.4 (untitled), effective November 1, 1987, amended effective November 1, 1989 (see Appendix C, amendment 303), was deleted effective November 1, 1995 (see Appendix C, amendment 527).